The Guadeloupe french overseas department
The Guadeloupe french overseas department itself, is composed of 2 separate islands, separated by a narrow arm of the sea called the Salt River but interconnected by 2 bridges. These islands are Basse-Terre (848 sq. km) the largest is the most mountainous of which is 2 volcanic culminating in the active volcano in the Soufriere (1467 m) and second, Grande-Terre (588 sq. km), including the substrate is limestone and consists of a plain racked by the mangrove southwest, a succession of irregular mornes called deep in the centre and north, an arid plateau jagged rocky coasts and wild.
The Guadeloupe archipelago
– La Désirade
– Les Saintes: 9 islets whose 2 inhabited, Terre-de-Haut and Terre-de-Bas
– Petite Terre
The French West Indies (F.W.I)
The term French West Indies (Antilles françaises) refers to the four territories presently under French sovereignty in the Caribbean: the two overseas departments of Guadeloupe and Martinique, plus the two overseas collectivities of Saint-Martin and Saint-Barthélemy.
In addition, some of the islands of the present and former British West Indies were once ruled by France. On some of them, a French-based creole language is spoken.